Iran is responsible for around 90–93% of global production, and much of their produce is exported. A few of Iran's drier eastern and southeastern provinces, including Fars, Kerman, and those in the Khorasan region, glean the bulk of modern global production.
Saffron is commonly used in cooking. A pinch of the spice can be added to soups, stews, risotto and rice dishes, as well as to any tomato-based sauce. Saffron is considered an especially good addition to seafood dishes, such as paella and bouillabaisse. Saffron which is also known as Red flower is used as a natural coloring & aromatic in foods, pastries, beverages, pharmaceutical, etc.
Dried saffron is 65% carbohydrates, 6% fat, 11% protein (table) and 12% water. In a serving of one tablespoon (2 grams), manganese is present as 28% of the Daily Value, while other micronutrients have negligible content (table). One limited meta-analysis concluded that saffron supplementation improved symptoms in people with major depressive disorders. Another review of preliminary human research indicated that it may have effects on mild to moderate depression. Medical searches proved that consuming of 3 grams saffron every month is caused refreshing mentally and physically.